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Credit to Private Sector Rises to N21.425tn

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At N21.425trillion, banking system’s credit to the private sector grew by 13.5 per cent in the second quarter of 2016, compared the previous quarter.

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) disclosed this in its second quarter 2016 economic report.

The development was due to the growth in claims on the core private sector. Over the level at end December 2015, banking system’s credit to the private sector grew by 14.5 per cent, compared with the growth of 0.9 per cent and 4.3 per cent recorded at the end of the preceding quarter and the corresponding period of 2015, respectively

Also, at N24.318 trillion, aggregate domestic credit (net) to the economy, on quarter-on-quarter basis, grew by 7.3 per cent, compared with the growth of 4.9 per cent and 3.8 per cent at the end of the preceding quarter and the corresponding quarter of 2015, respectively.

The development, relative to the preceding quarter was attributed to the 13.5 per cent growth in claims on the private sector. Over the level at end of December 2015, net domestic credit rose by 12.5 per cent, compared with the growth of 4.9 per cent at the end of the preceding quarter. The development reflected the growth in claims on the private sector.

Similarly, the report showed that banking system’s credit (net) to the federal government fell by 23.5 per cent to N2.893 trillion, in contrast to the growth of 30.7 and 26.5 per cent at the end of the preceding quarter and the corresponding quarter of 2015, respectively. The development was due to the fall in banks’ holding of government securities.

Relative to the level at the end of the preceding quarter, foreign assets (net) of the banking system, rose by 2.8 per cent to N7.105 trillion at end-June 2016, in contrast to the decline of 1.8 per cent at the end of the preceding quarter. Furthermore, the development was attributed, largely, to the increase in foreign asset holdings of the banks, following the adoption of a flexible exchange rate regime.

“Over the level at end December 2015, foreign assets (net) rose by 25.7 per cent at end-June 2016, in contrast to the decline of 1.8 and 14.4 per cent at the end of the preceding quarter and the corresponding period of 2015, respectively,” it added.

At N1.685 trillion, currency-in-circulation declined by seven per cent in the review quarter, compared with the decline of 2.5 per cent at the end of the preceding quarter. The development was due, largely, to the decline in vault cash.

Total deposits at the CBN amounted to N10.502 trillion, indicating an increase of 8.1 per cent relative to the level at the end of the preceding quarter. The development reflected the significant increase in federal government deposits.

Of the total deposits at CBN, the shares of the federal government, banks and ‘Others’ were N5.021 trillion (47.8 per cent), N3,687 trillion (35.1per cent) and N1.794.trillion (17.1 per cent), respectively.

Reserve money (RM) fell by 6.4 per cent to N5.372 trillion at the end of the second quarter, reflecting the decline in both banks’ reserves with the CBN and currency in circulation.

“Commercial Paper (CP) outstanding held by banks, rose to N0.53 billion in the second quarter of 2016, compared with N0.45 billion in the preceding quarter. The development reflected increased investment in CPs by the commercial banks, during the review quarter. As a ratio of total assets outstanding, CPs constituted 0.01 per cent, same as in the preceding quarter.

“Bankers’ Acceptances (BAs) outstanding rose by 141.75 per cent to N29.76 billion, compared with N12.31billion at the end of the preceding quarter. The development was attributed to the increase in investment in BAs by the banks, during the quarter.

“Consequently, BAs accounted for 0.28 per cent of the total value of money market assets outstanding, at the end of the second quarter of 2016, compared with 0.13 per cent, at the end of the preceding quarter,” it added.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

Economy

COVID-19 Vaccine: Crude Oil Extends Gain to $48 Per Barrel on Wednesday

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Oil prices rose further on Wednesday as hope for an effective COVID-19 vaccine and the news that the United States of America’s President-elect, Joe Biden has begun transition to the White House bolstered crude oil demand.

Brent crude oil, a Nigerian type of oil, gained 1.63 percent or 78 cents to $48.64 per barrel at 11:50 am Nigerian time on Wednesday.

The United States West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil rose by 1.36 percent or 61 cents to $45.52 per barrel.

OPEC Basket surged the most in terms of gain, adding 3.16 percent or $1.37 to $44.75 per barrel.

This was after AstraZeneca, Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech announced the positive results of their trials.

Moderna and Pfizer had claimed over 90 percent effective rate in trials while AstraZeneca said its COVID-19 vaccine was 70 percent effective in trials but could hit 90 percent going forward.

The possibility of having a vaccine next year increases the odds that we’re going to see demand return in the new year,” said Phil Flynn, senior analyst at Price Futures Group in Chicago.

Also, the decision of President-elect Joe Biden to bring Janet Yellen, the former Chair of Federal Reserve, back as a Treasury Secretary of the United States is fueling demand and strong confidence across global financial markets.

President-elect Biden’s cabinet choices, particularly Janet Yellen’s Treasury Secretary position, are adding to upside momentum across a broad space of asset classes,” said Jim Ritterbusch of Ritterbusch and Associates.

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Economy

Seyi Makinde Proposes N266.6 Billion Budget for Oyo State in 2021

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The Executive Governor of Oyo State, Seyi Makinde, has presented the Oyo State Budget Proposal for the 2021 Fiscal Year to the Oyo State House of Assembly on Monday.

The proposed budget titled “Budget of Continued Consolidation” was said to be prepared with input from stakeholders in all seven geopolitical zones of Oyo state.

Governor Makinde disclosed this via his official Twitter handle @seyiamakinde.

According to the governor, the proposed recurrent expenditure stood at N136,262,990,009.41 while the proposed capital expenditure was N130,381,283,295.63. Bringing the total proposed budget to N266,6444,273,305.04.

The administration aimed to implement at least 70 percent of the proposed budget if approved.

He said “The total budgeted sum is ₦266,644,273,305.04. The Recurrent Expenditure is ₦136,262,990,009.41 while the Capital Expenditure is ₦130,381,283,295.63. We are again, aiming for at least 70% implementation of the budget.”

He added that “It was my honour to present the Oyo State Budget Proposal for the 2021 Fiscal Year to the Oyo State House of Assembly, today. This Budget of Continued Consolidation was prepared with input from stakeholders in all seven geopolitical zones of our state.”

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Economy

World Bank Expects Nigeria’s Per Capita Income to Dip to 40 Years Low in 2020

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The World Bank has raised concern about Nigeria’s rising debt service cost, saying it could incapacitate the nation from necessary infrastructure development and growth.

The multilateral financial institution said the nation’s per capita income could plunge to 40 years low in 2020.

According to Mr. Shubham Chaudhuri, Country Director for World Bank in Nigeria, the decline in global oil prices had impacted government finances, remittances from the diaspora and the balance of payments.

Chaudhuri, who spoke during the 26th Nigerian Economic Summit organised by the Nigerian Economic Summit Group and the Federal Government, said while the nation’s debt is between 20 to 30 percent, rising debt service remains the bane of its numerous financial issues and growth.

Nigeria’s problem is that the debt service takes a big part of the government revenue,” he said.

He said, “Crisis like this is often what it takes to bring a nation together to have that consensus within the political, business, government, military, civil society to say, ‘We have to do something that departs from business as usual.’

“And for Nigeria, this is a critical juncture. With the contraction in GDP that could happen this year, Nigeria’s per capita income could be around what it was in 1980 – four decades ago.”

Nigeria’s per capita income stood at $847.40 in 1980, according to data from the World Bank. It rose to $3,222.69 in 2014 before falling to $2,229.9 in 2019.

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