- Rising Export Pushes Nigeria’s Foreign Trade to N5.28tn in Q4
Nigeria’s total value of external merchandise trade rose to N5.28 trillion in the fourth quarter of last year (Q4 2016) compared to N4.78 trillion in the previous quarter, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) has said.
According to the NBS, this is the first quarterly positive trade balance to be recorded since the fourth quarter of 2015
Total export was valued at N2.98 trillion compared to N2.43 trillion in the previous quarter. Total import, however, fell to N2.31 trillion in Q4, representing 6.1 percent decrease from N2.46 trillion in Q3.
Crude oil exports totalled N2.43 trillion while the Non-crude oil exports accounted for N553.57 billion as well as Non-oil exports, which recorded N129.55 billion in Q4.
According to the NBS, the much faster rise in the value of exports relative to the rise in imports brought the country’s trade balance to N671.3 billion during the review period, showing a stark improvement from the negative trade balance of N-136.0 billion recorded in the preceding quarter.
It added that the positive trade index came as a result of the rise of N656.3 billion or 28.3 per cent, in the value of exports combined with a decline of N150.9 billion or 6.1 per cent in the value of imports against the levels recorded in the preceding quarter.
For the full year, however, total trade stood at N17.34 trillion or 6.47 percent more than the N16.30 trillion recorded in 2015 and N23.67 trillion in 2014.
Total exports for 2016 stood at N8.53 trillion compared to N9.59 trillion in 2015 while total imports stood at N8.82 trillion compared to N6.69 trillion in 2015.
As a result, the country recorded a negative trade balance of -N290.13 billion in 2016 compared to trade surplus of N2.895 trillion in 2015 and surplus of N8.92 trillion in 2014.
In 2016, crude oil exports accounted for N6.99 trillion while the non-crude oil exports accounted for N1.53 trillion as well as non-oil exports of N344.37 billion.
In Q4, however, India, the Netherlands, and the United States of America accounted for 16 per cent, 11.2 per cent and 10.6 per cent of total exports respectively.
On the other hand, China, Belgium, and the Netherlands accounted for 17.5 per cent, 15.4 per cent and 10 per cent of Nigeria’s import in Q4.
Interestingly, Nigeria exported goods mainly to India, Netherlands, the United States, Spain and South Africa, whose values stood at N475.6 billion or 16.0 per cent, N334.2 billion or 11.2 per cent, N317.2 billion or 10.6 per cent, N286.8 billion or 9.6 per cent, and N160.4 billion or 5.4 per cent respectively in Q4 2016.
The natural liquefied gas recorded N351.4 billion of the total export value during the period under review.
Nigeria to Become Leading Gold Producer in West Africa – Adegbite
Adegbite Says Nigeria to Become Gold Hub in West Africa
The Minister of Mines and Steel Development, Olamilekan Adegbite, has said Nigeria is on its way to becoming a leading gold producer in West Africa.
Adegbite made the statement in Abuja while taking stock of his first year in office as minister.
He said, “Indeed, the international roadshows we have had in the past have produced fruits. Today, we have Thor exploration in Osun State through the Segilola Gold project.
“The exploration firm is projected to start producing (gold) in the first half of next year. The project is expected to create about 400 direct jobs and 1,000 indirect jobs.”
According to Adegbite, the Federal Government has licensed two gold refineries that would refine in line with the London Bullion Market Association standard.
He added, “Numerous industries will spring up when our gold economy becomes full-fledged. Some of them will include equipment leasing and repairs, logistics and transport, as gold requires a specialised means of transport, security, insurance, aggregators, and so on.”
The minister noted that for the first time, the country had mined, processed and refined gold under the Presidential Artisanal Gold Mining Development Initiative for use as part of Nigeria’s external reserves.
Adegbite also stated that the mines ministry had initiated a process that would lead to local capacity development in the production of barite.
“Presently, the barite that is used in the oil and gas industry is imported. But we are resolved to reverse this trend. As you may know, barite is a critical weighting material in drilling fluids due to its high specific gravity,” he said.
NUPENG, Lagos State Agree to Call Off Strike
NUPENG Agrees With Lagos State, Call Off Strike
The Nigeria Union of Petroleum and Gas (NUPENG) has ordered Lagos State Petroleum Tanker Drivers (PTDs) to call off its ongoing strike.
This was disclosed in a joint communique signed by the Lagos Commissioner of Energy and Mineral Resources, Olalere Odusote, and the NUPENG Deputy National President, Solomon Kilanko.
It would be recalled that Investors King had reported that NUPENG directed all PTDs to withdraw their services from Lagos State effective from Monday 10 August 2020 because of the persistent extortions and harassments of PTDs by both uniform security agencies and touts.
However, on the 10th of August, the commencement day of the strike, Lagos State government met with the leadership of NUPENG to address the union concerns and eventually agreed on a way forward.
Part of the communique reads “The Lagos State Government met today with the representatives of NUPENG, which agreed to call off its strike immediately.
“Other decisions taken at the meeting are security – the state government will meet the heads of all security agencies and secure their commitment to ensure the free passage of petroleum products vehicles given their importance to the economy.”
“Area boys’ – the menace of ‘area boys’ will be handled by relevant government agencies and a dedicated phone number will be established, within the next week to ensure the petroleum products transporters have prompt access to security agencies.”
The communique also stated that the Lagos State government will set up a standing committee to communicate with the union on an ongoing basis, saying it will help address a similar issue going forward. See the complete communique below.
Crude Oil Expands Gain on US Stimulus talks, Better Than Expected Chinese Factory Data
Crude Oil Gains on US Stimulus, Better Than Expected Chinese Factory Data
Oil prices extended its gains on Tuesday following a better than expected factory data from China and a possible agreement between Democrats and Republicans on economic stimulus.
“The oil complex is heavily reliant on that aid. We need people to be able to boost economic activity to spur demand,” said John Kilduff, partner at Again Capital in New York.
President Trump on Monday said House Speaker, Nancy Pelosi and Senator Chuck Schumer, top Democrat in the chamber of Congress, wanted to meet him to discuss or make a deal on coronavirus-related economic stimulus.
The possibility of a stimulus deal, coupled with a reduction in China’s factory deflation in the month of July due to the surge in oil prices and improved industrial activity bolstered the outlook of the energy sector.
China is the world’s largest importer of crude oil. Therefore, improved factory activity generally boosts the oil market.
Also, the announcement from Iraq that it planned to cut an additional 400,000 barrels per day in August and September to compensate for its previous overproduction above OPEC+ quota aided the oil market this week.
“This would send out a strong signal to the oil market on various levels. That said, this would also require the international companies operating in Iraq to join in with the cuts,” Commerzbank analyst Eugen Weinberg said.
The Brent crude oil, against which Nigerian oil is priced, expanded from $41.30 per barrel it traded on Monday to $45.40 per barrel on Tuesday at 10:10 am Nigerian time.
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