Nigeria’s Trade Value Declines 7.8 Percent in Q3

General Economy In Nigeria's CapitalCommercial towers sit on the city skyline beyond a highway in Abuja, Nigeria, on Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2015. Photographer: George Osodi

The report released by National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) on Thursday, shows that the total value of Nigeria’s merchandise trade at the end of Q3, 2015 was ₦4,021.4 billion. This was ₦338.1 billion or 7.8% less than the value (₦4,359.5 billion, Revised) recorded in the preceding quarter.

This development arose from a decrease of ₦320.6 billion or 12.1%, in the value of exports combined with a marginal decline of ₦17.4 billion or 1.0%, in the value of imports against the levels recorded in the preceding quarter.

However, when compared with the corresponding quarter of 2014, the value of the total merchandise trade decreased by ₦2,497.1 billion or 38.3%. This was as a result of a ₦132.4 billion or 7.3% and ₦2,364.6 billion or 50.3% decline in imports and exports respectively relative to the corresponding quarter in 2014. Quarter on Quarter, the sharp decline in exports and slight decrease in imports contributed to continued fall in the Country’s trade balance, by 32.0% or ₦303.1 billion during the quarter.


The value of Nigeria’s imports stood at ₦1,688.2 billion, at the end of Q3, 2015, a decrease of 1.0% from the value (₦1,705.7 billion, Revised) recorded in the preceding quarter. Meanwhile, year-on-year analysis showed that the Country’s imports decreased by ₦132.4 billion or 7.3%.

The structure of Nigeria’s imports by Section was dominated by the imports of “Boilers, machinery and appliances; parts thereof” which accounted for 24.0% of the total value of imports in Q3, 2015 (Table 2). Other commodities which contributed noticeably to the value of imports in the review period were “Mineral products” (15.3%), “Vehicles, aircraft and parts thereof; vessels etc.” (8.8%), “Products of the chemical and allied industries” (8.6%), and “Base metals and articles of base metals” (8.4%).


The value of the nation’s merchandise exports totalled ₦2,333.2billion in Q3, 2015 a decrease of ₦320.6billion or 12.1%, over the value (₦2,653.8billion, Revised) recorded in the preceding quarter.

This decline was attributed to a fall in crude oil exports by ₦372.8b or 18.8% over the preceding quarter. Nevertheless the structure of exports is still dominated by crude oil, which contributed ₦1,611.5 billion or 69.1% to the value of total domestic exports in 2015. Natural liquefied gas recorded ₦265.2 billion of the total export value during the period under review.

Further analysis of Nigeria’s imports by Continent, revealed that the country consumed goods largely from Asia with imports valued at ₦764.5 billion or 45.3% of total imports.

The Country also imported goods valued at ₦596.4 billion or 35.3% from Europe and ₦241.3 billion or 14.3% from The Americas. Import trade from Africa stood at ₦65.4 billion or 3.9% while imports from the region of ECOWAS amounted to ₦16.3 billion.

About the Author

Samed Olukoya
Samed Olukoya is the CEO/Founder of, a digital business media, with over 10 years experience as a foreign exchange research analyst and trader.

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