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Iran’s Oil Deal and the Struggle Ahead

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Iran Oil

The Iran nuclear deal negotiated by the 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council, US, UK, Russia, China, and France plus Germany defuses long standing tension between Iran and the West, potentially changing the political landscape of the Middle East. But what about Iran’s oil and the impact on the economic landscape?

For years Iran’s economy has been crippled by US sanctions, and this includes its oil production. Iran has the 4th largest oil reserves in the world, coming in at an estimated 158 billion barrels, but lack of investment has led to a serious decline in production capacity. In 2008 Iran’s oil fields produced 4 million barrels of oil a day, in 2015 it’s down to 2.8 million barrels. Today its markets have diminished with exports going mostly to China, India, Japan, South Korea, and Turkey.

The question now is how much, if any, will Iran’s resurgence impact oil prices? There are two issues – how much they currently have in storage and what they can ramp up in terms of production. Iran does indeed have oil sitting there – stored mostly in tankers off the coast.  However Citigroup’s head of commodities research Edward Morse described the amount of oil in tankers as a bit misleading. “Of that 40 million barrels or so roughly two thirds is either condensate or condensate blended crude oil. The condensate can be exported under the sanctions regime, so the question is why has it not been exported, and the answer is almost certainly that it is so high in sulphur content that no refinery anywhere in the world wants to take it on, except at a very steep discount. So I’d say two thirds of that 40 million barrels is not really overhanging the market, only one third is.”

So we are talking 13 million barrels, which is hardly going to have a dramatic initial impact. It will also be 6 months before sanctions are realistically lifted. Iran will be unlikely to want to unload it all at once and crash prices. It’s possible other countries may also increase their production to hold market share which will lead to the price being driven down.

The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that Iran could potentially increase its product to 3.5 million barrels per day “within months of sanctions being lifted.” Others such as Richard Nephew (who served as lead sanctions expert for the US team negotiating with Iran) are less sure. He describes Iran’s oil producing infrastructure as plagued by “fatigued fields and antiquated equipment.” Some estimate the cost of getting Iran’s production back to pre-sanction levels as between $50 billion and $100 billion – which will need to come from foreign investment. This could take years, as high in investors’ minds will be the risk of the nuclear deal falling over and sanctions being reimposed.

Iran wants to recover its position as the number 2 oil producer in the world after Saudi Arabia, and this could conceivably be good too for the West – with oil prices being pushed down, but the bottom line is any dramatic changes are many years, some might argue decades off. In the short term the impact of the nuclear deal is simply this: prices are unlikely to increase. According to Thomas Pugh, commodities economist at consultants Capital Economics, “the return of Iranian oil exports over the next year is one factor likely to keep oil prices low.”

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade long experience in the global financial market. Contact Samed on Twitter: @sameolukoya

Economy

Citigroup Sees $60 Per Barrel Crude Oil in the Next 12 Months

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Crude oil

Citigroup Says Crude Oil Will Reach $60 Per Barrel in a year

Despite the current economic downturn and the projected second phase of COVID-19, Citigroup, a New-York based financial service company, has said oil price could hit $60 per barrel in the next 12 months.

Citigroup disclosed this on Thursday during a virtual EMEA Media Summit titled – ‘Navigating the Future: What’s Next in a Post-COVID-19 World’.

“After a substantial underperformance in the last six months relative to several other commodities, crude will eventually bounce back to around $60 per barrel over the next 12 months,” Max Layton, European Head of Commodities Strategy, Citigroup said while giving a presentation on the outlook for commodities in the second half of 2020, and into 2021.

This means Brent crude oil would rise by at least 50 percent from the current level of $42 per barrel in the next 12 months.

“It’s going to be a function of the demand and supply but recently we have been seeing a spike in the demand for some of the commodities,” said Atiq Rehman, Head of EMEA Emerging Markets, Citigroup.

“A lot of these economies are heavily commodity-dependent, and perhaps, in the past have been guilty of not diversifying when they come under pressure. I think perhaps, this recent moves will push them to diversify away from simply commodities,” Grant Carson, Head of TRUK And Non-Presence Countries, Citigroup, stated citing Russian as one of the countries that have recorded success in diversifying away from crude oil.

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Oil Sustains $42 Price Level as OPEC Output Drops to Over Two-Decade Low

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Oil price

OPEC Oil Output Drops to Over Two-Decade Low in June

Crude oil sustained $42 per barrel price level following a recent survey conducted by Reuters that showed the Organisation for the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) managed to cut oil production to over two-decade low in the month of June.

According to the survey, OPEC’s 13 members pumped 22.62 million barrels per day in June, 1.92 million barrels per day below May’s revised figure. The lowest since May 1991.

OPEC and allies, together referred to as OPEC plus, had agreed to cut oil production by 9.7 million barrels per day in the month of April to rebalance the global oil market and prop up prices amid COVID-19 pandemic.

OPEC’s share of the 9.7 million barrels per day production cut was 6.084 million bpd but OPEC delivered 6.523 million bpd cut in the month of June despite the inconsistencies from Nigeria, Angola and Iraq.

In June, Saudi Arabia reduced production by 1.13 million barrels per day to 7.53 million bpd. While Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates met their quota but struggle to fulfill the extra cuts.

Nigeria, Iraq and Angola continue to struggle in the month of June. However, their performance improved compared to May as Nigeria attained 77 percent compliance level, up from 19 percent in May.

While Iraq and Angola achieved 70 percent and 80 percent compliance level, respectively. Nigeria and Iraq have pledged to cut more in July despite their economic challenges. Angola, however, said it would not be able to cut extra oil production until October.

Brent crude oil, against which Nigerian oil is measured, rose to $42.48 per barrel on Friday as at 2:58 pm Nigerian time.

UKOilDaily

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Economy

Nigeria Labour Congress Says No Fuel Increase Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

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No Fuel Increase During COVID-19 Pandemic, Says Nigeria Labour Congress

The Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) on Thursday rejected the new fuel price announced by the Petroleum Products Price Regulatory Agency (PPPRA) on Wednesday.

In a statement issued by Ayuba Wabba, the President, NLC, the labour demanded instant reversal to the old price, saying the move will kill businesses and worsen the nation’s poverty level at a time when nations are looking to ease economic burden of their citizens and mitigate negative impacts of COVID-19.

The PPPRA had raised the value band of Premium Motor Spirit, commonly referred to as Petrol, to between N140.80 and N143.80 per litre on Wednesday because of the recent increase in crude oil prices.

Nigeria Labour Congress argued that “PPPRA contradicted itself when it said that the latest price increase described as an “advisory” was meant to regulate a product that government claims had been de-regulated.

“That this new hike in the pump price of petrol was announced without the approval of the board of the PPPRA and the oversight ministry speaks volume of the arbitrariness and public contempt in the operations of PPPRA. We find this deeply disturbing.

“It is also very embarrassing that the PPPRA boss, while trying to defend the indefensible, appeared to be out of sorts and ready to clutch at any available straws to sell his ice block merchandise to Eskimos.

“Apart from contradicting himself that PPPRA is still trying to regulate a deregulated product through ‘advisories’, the PPPRA went on to exert more nails on the coffin of his polemics when he argued that PPPRA was just like the Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN, and the National Insurance Commission, NAICOM, that would always act to protect the public interest.

“That was how far the niceties went. The rest of the statement by the PPPRA boss was about how PPPRA plans to protect investors and increase their profit.”

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