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Interbank Lending Rate Rises on Cash Shortage

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The overnight naira interbank lending rate rose sharply to an average of 40 per cent on Friday, up from 15 per cent last Friday after the Central Bank of Nigeria debited bank accounts for Treasury bills and bonds purchases.

Dealers said the large cash withdrawal to settle debt purchases led to some commercial banks scrambling for naira cash to meet their immediate obligations, pushing up the cost of borrowing among banks, Reuters reported.

The Federal Government raised N121bn  in an auction of local-currency bonds and N183bn in short-dated Treasury bills on Wednesday in a separate auction, while payments for the debt issues were due on Thursday and Friday, draining liquidity in the banking system.

Market liquidity was N128bn in deficit on Friday after the CBN withdrawals, while the money market went into repo due to the naira cash shortage.

The CBN issues Treasury bills and bonds as part of measures to fund government’s budget deficit, curb speculations against the local currency and help commercial lenders to manage liquidity in the system.

“We see rates trading within the same range in the early part of next week, but they could fall later in the week due to anticipated repayment of matured Treasury bills on Thursday,” one dealer said.

The Federal Government has estimated it will borrow around N900bn from the local debt market this year to fund a budget deficit projected at N2.2tn.

The CBN  has said it is planning to borrow N1.77bn via Treasury bills in the last three months of the year.

In its fourth quarter Treasury bill issue programme released last Monday, the CBN said it would raise about N815.37bn, comprising 91 days, 182 days and 364 days debt instruments.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

Finance

Top 5 Largest US Banks Hold over $7 Trillion in Deposits as Personal Savings Rate Grows by 17.8%

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US 5 Largest Banks Hold Over $7 Trillion in Deposits as Savings Rate Jumps 17.8%

According to the research data analyzed and published by ComprarAcciones, the personal saving rate in the US as of July 20, 2020 was 17.8%, up from 7% the previous July. The rate increased from 7.6% in January and hit a high of 33.7% in April 2020.

In April 2020 alone, deposits in US banks grew by a massive $865 billion according to the FDIC data. It coincided with a 10.5% increase in personal income according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). Overall, FDIC shows an upsurge of deposits exceeding $2 trillion during the pandemic period.

JP Morgan Chase Grows by 18% in Total Deposits, Citigroup 11% and BAC 10%

During Q1 2020, total deposits made into US banks amounted to $15.78 trillion according to YCharts. It marked an 8.54% increase from $14.54 trillion in Q4 2019. There was a 13.29% year-on-year (YoY) growth from $13.93 trillion in Q1 2019. At the end of February, banks held $13.3 trillion in deposit accounts. During the week ending June 2020, this figure had risen to $15.47 trillion.

According to the FDIC, over 66% of the gains went to the top 25 US banks by assets. Of these, the top three banks reported the highest growth. JP Morgan Chase saw an increase of 18% in total deposits from Q4 2019 to Q1 2020. During the same period, Citigroup reported 11% growth while Bank of America saw an increase of 10%. In contrast, the industry as a whole only reported a 4% upsurge.

Due to this explosive growth, the top 5 banks by assets held over $7 trillion in deposits at the end of H1 2020. JP Morgan Chase led the pack with $2.05 trillion while Bank of America was second with $1.82 trillion. Wells Fargo was third with $1.50 trillion, Citigroup fourth with $1.24 trillion and U.S. Bancorp fifth with $425.28 billion.

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P&ID Nigeria Case: Nigeria’s Foreign Reserves Rise by Over $200 Million to $36 Billion

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Godwin Emefile

Foreign Reserves Rose by Over $200 Million to $36 Billion after London Commerce Court Returned P&ID Nigeria Case’s Security Fund

The Central Bank of Nigeria on Tuesday said the nation’s foreign reserves rose by US$200 million to US$35.746 billion following the return of the $200 million security used in the discredited P&ID $10 billion Arbitral claim.

The P&ID had taken Nigeria to London Commerce Court over breach of contractual agreement, previous fine and accumulated interest to the tune of $10 billion over a period of 10 years.

The company had claimed it invested a substantial amount in a contract project signed between itself and the Nigerian government, only for the Federal Government to backout or failed to fulfil its end of the deal.

An accusation the Federal Government denied and described the whole project as a scam orchestrated by some Nigerians and foreign entities looking to profit from the nation’s lack of proper documentation.

The government fought back with evidence proving that the P&ID supposed contract was a sham as the contract was not signed or approved by the then president who was way because of sickness.

The Federal Government was asked to deposit security of $200 million to appeal the case in London commerce court.

After proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the project was a fraud, the London commerce court has now returned the $200 million security plus the £1.5 million previous awarded to Nigeria and another £70,000 for the cost incurred during the trial.

In a tweet on Tuesday, the apex bank said “Nigeria’s Foreign Exchange Reserves was this morning boosted by over $200Million when the London Commercial Court ordered the release of the $200Million guarantee put in place as security in respect of the execution of the much discredited P&ID $10 Billion Arbitral Claim.”

“The court also awarded a £70,000 cost in favour of Nigeria in addition to an earlier award of £1.5m.”

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N75 Billion Nigeria Youth Investment Fund to be Opened for Application Soon -CBN

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CBN to Open N75 Billion Nigeria Youth Investment Fund for Application Soon

The Central Bank of Nigeria has said it will announce the Nigeria Youth Investment Fund soon to support Nigerian youths as unemployment jumped to 27.1 percent in the second quarter.

The apex bank has launched numerous funds to deepen growth and ease the negative impact of COVID-19 on Nigerian youths, Africa’s largest youth population and one of the largest in the world.

As stated on the apex bank website, the Nigeria Youth Investment Fund (NYIF) is a N75 billion investment fund approved by the Federal Executive Council (FEC) in August to address the financial needs of 500,000 youths from 2020 to 2023.

According to the CBN, approval will range from N250,000 to N50 million with a spread across group applications, individual applications and working capital loans with a single-digit interest rate of 5 percent.

The fund was approved in August by the Federal Executive Council, the first of such approval.

Following the FEC meeting presided over by President Muhammadu Buhari in August, the presidency had tweeted that, “We recently established a 75 billion Naira Nigerian Youth Investment Fund (NYIF), as part of our commitment to creating opportunities for the youth of Nigeria. On this occasion of International Youth Day, I urge all our young people to take advantage of these opportunities.”

Nigeria youth investment fund website/portal

There is no dedicated website or portal to Nigeria Youth Investment Fund, applicants would have to go through the 125 micro-credit banks across the country to access the fund.

How to apply for the Nigeria Youth Investment Fund

To apply for the Nigeria Youth Investment Fund, you must have a fundable business idea, be a registered business owner in Nigeria and be a Nigerian citizen.

Also, you must be between the age of 18 and 35 to be qualified for the fund.

The fund would be disbursed to qualified applicants through one of the numerous microcredit institutions in Nigeria under the Central Bank of Nigeria but supported by BOI, Fintech Organisations and Venture Capital Organisations registered with the apex bank.

This is coming after the Federal Government introduced Survival Fund a week ago to stimulate growth in small and medium businesses and cushion the economy from the impact of COVID-19 that is expected by many to plunge it into recession in this third quarter.

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