DBN to Disburse N100bn to MSMEs
Development Bank of Nigeria (DBN) has revealed that it planned to disburse the sum of N100 billion to the Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) segment this year.
It also added that it disbursed over N30 billion to over 35,000 end-borrowers in the MSME segment in its first full year of operations, while also collaborating with other development finance institutions to remove some of the barriers to access to finance in the segment.
The Chief Economist for the bank, Prof. Joseph Nnanna, disclosed this yesterday at the 5th edition of the Refined Economic Development (RED) quarterly lecture held at the University of Abuja and organised by Economic and Business Strategies (EBS) with the theme, “Real Sector Constraints to Economic Growth and Development.”
Presenting his paper titled “Contemporary Strategies for Financial Inclusion and Prosperity in Nigeria,” he explained that MSME are the backbone of any economy, considering the fact that the segment makes up over 90 per cent of all firms and accounts for an average of 60 to 70 per cent of total employment and roughly 50 per cent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Nigeria.
Nnanna explained that a 2018 survey by the International Finance Corporation (IFC) showed that only 31 per cent of MSME in Nigeria have ever obtained a loan from a financial institution, commercial or micro finance bank.
He said that the principal reason for the low figure in spite of its undisputable impact on the economy include, high/lack of collateral, problems with credit history, unfavorable worthiness of the prospective borrowers.
Nnanna stated: “For Nigeria as a whole, we are trying to achieve more access to finance for the MSME because we believe they are the engine that grows any economy in any part of the world.
“This year alone, the DBN plans to disburse N100 billion to MSME and we are quite on track as it is already. We are very confident that we will achieve that this year and beyond.
“Furthermore, to aid in reducing the risk associated with the MSME segment, the DBN offers partial risk sharing (Credit Guarantees) with prospective financial institutions granting credit to the operators in the segment.
“In 2018, 22.74 per cent of total credit was allocated to the oil and gas sector and 13.75 per cent was allocated to the manufacturing sector. Conversely, sectors where the MSME participants operate include Agriculture which total credit allocated was a paltry 3.16 per cent, General/Trade and Commerce 6.89 per cent and Education which credit to this sector remains subdued, received 0.41 per cent (NBS, 2018). “
The chief economist however said that the limited access to finance for the MSME segment severely constrained opportunities for economic diversification in Nigeria, noting that from a macro-economic examination, there is “a crowding out effect,” due to government borrowing.
He added, “As a result, over a period of one year, we witnessed an increase in treasury bill rates peaking at 18 per cent in 2017. At the same time banks facing a challenging external environment worked to reduce risks, crowding out liquidity to real sector including MSMEs.
“Presently, treasury bill rates have declined to 12.7 per cent. However, yields on government bonds are around 14.5 per cent making it still very attractive to lend to the government. Typically, Nigerian banks observe a value chain business model that deals with already established firms with a track record of success.
“Consequently, banks tend to ignore MSMEs because of poor or no credit history, insufficient collateral to name a few reasons. To that effect, Nigerian banks resort back to what they understand to be a sale investment choice which is competing for larger firms and accepting lower margins only to exploit the higher yields earned from credit and perhaps other fees earned through product offerings as part of the loan agreements.”
Nnanna stressed that an emerging facet in the Nigerian operating environment was the untapped fintech segment which he said could change the fortunes of the challenges surrounding access to finance.
Earlier, the Chairman/ CEO of EBS, Prof. Magnus Kpakol, said that before Nigeria would compete with developed countries, there was need for an improvement in the country’s human capital in order to produce efficiently and effectively.
“You have to be able to produce goods and services and to do that, we need improvement in human capital. Our human capital development has to be much better.
“One of the big reasons why we lag behind is because of the human capital deficiency we have. If you doing have the skills, the determination and the attitude to be competitive and to raise your skill level, you will have trouble being competitive
“You see the proficiency in with which China is conquering the world in terms of business and global competitiveness. We cannot compete with them at the pace that we are going and that reflected in the misery two per cent growth rate in that we registered in GDP in the first quarter of this year.
“Our population is growing at three per cent and we are growing our GDP at two per cent, we need to be growing our GDP at this time at close to two per cent. The Chinese have been averaging 10 per cent over the last forty years.”
Global Debt Rises to $258 Trillion in Q1 2020
Global Debt Rose to $258 Trillion in the First Quarter of 2020
Global debt rose to a record high of $258 trillion in the first quarter of the year, according to the Institute for International Finance (IIF).
The IIF, the body that represents global banks and financial institutions, said debt to GDP ratio rose by over 10 percent to reach a record 331 percent during the period under review.
“While increasing debt levels raise concerns about debt sustainability, over 92% of government debt is investment-grade,” the report said.
In emerging economies, the debt-to-GDP ratio rose to 230 percent and expanded by $700 million in value to $72.5 trillion due to the decline in emerging currencies against the US dollar.
While debt-to-GDP in developed economies grew from 380 percent in 2019 to 392 percent. The report noted that the U.S. debt accounted for half of the total $185 trillion debt in developed economies while debt outside the financial sector was high in Canada, France, Norway and the United States.
The report noted that debt across all sectors in China was on track to hit 335 percent of GDP following a surge from 302 percent to 318 percent in the first quarter.
PoS Transactions Decline by N97 Billion in April
PoS Transactions Depreciated by N97bn in the Month of April
The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) said payments across the nation’s point of sale terminals declined by 26.2 percent in April when compared to March.
The federal government had imposed a lockdown on activities in Lagos, Ogun and Abuja on March 31, 2020 to curb the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria.
The lockdown weighed on economic activities and plunged PoS transactions by N96.7 billion in the month of April.
In the report put together by the central bank, data covers cheques, ATM, PoS, E-bills and NIP transactions for the month of April and excluded channels such as Web, Mobile, and NEFT.
The data collected by the apex bank showed the total volume of transactions declined from 251.9 million in March to 186.6 million in the month of April. The lowest since February 2018 when the volume of e-payments drops to 159.9 million.
Similarly, transaction values dipped by N4.6 trillion or 37.7 percent from N12.3 trillion in March to N7.6 trillion in April.
A break down of the report shows the value of PoS transactions depreciated by N96.7 billion or 26.2 percent from N368.9 billion in March 2020 to N272 billion in April.
Government Deficit Spending Rises by 144% to N609bn in Two Months
Deficit Spending Rises by 144% to N609bn in January, February
Federal Government deficit spending rose by 144 percent year-on-year in the first two months of the year to N650 billion, up from N250 billion in the same period of 2019.
In the monthly economic report released for the months of January and February 2020 on Tuesday, the Central Bank of Nigeria said the sharp increase was due to a 54 percent increase in the Federal Government’s expenditure from N798.9 billion in the corresponding period of 2019 to N1.22 trillion in 2020.
The report also noted that the increased erased the 13 percent increase recorded in retained revenue from N548.9 billion in the same period of 2019 to N619.3 billion in January and February 2020.
Breaking down fiscal activities, the CBN said “At N325.54 billion, the estimated Federal Government retained revenue for the month of January 2020 was below the monthly budget of N705.44 billion by 53.9 per cent.
“At N587.05 billion, the estimated total expenditure of the Federal government was below the monthly budget estimate of N865.31 billion by 32.2 per cent. It was also below the N757.07 billion recorded in the preceding month by 22.5 per cent.
“At N293.80 billion, the estimated Federal Government retained revenue for the month of February 2020 was below the monthly budget estimate of N705.44 billion by 58.4 per cent.
“At N641.08 billion, the estimated total expenditure of the Federal Government was below the monthly budget estimate of N865.31 billion by 25.9 per cent. It was, however, above the N587.05 billion recorded in the preceding month by 9.2 per cent.”
Forex1 week ago
Naira-USD Exchange Rate to Hit N430 – Report
Finance1 week ago
DSS Arrests EFCC, Acting Chairman, Magu
News6 days ago
British High Commission to Start Accepting Visa Applications From Nigerians Soon
Forex1 week ago
CBN Starts Using N380/$ Official Rate, Expects to Make it Official Soon
Finance1 week ago
CBN Spends $11.5bn in Q1 2020 to Support the Economy and Dwindling Naira
Business6 days ago
Seplat Appoints Emeka Onwuka as CFO, Executive Director
Stock Market1 week ago
Why You Should Monitor Insider Dealings as a Nigerian Stock Trader
Forex1 week ago
Naira Declines Against Pound, Euro After Devaluation