- CBN New LDR Policy to Hurt Treasury Market
The recent directive of the Central Bank of Nigeria mandating all Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) to maintain 60 percent Loan-to-Deposit ratio is expected to erase over N1 trillion off treasury markets, Obinna Uzoma, a Lagos based economist has stated.
Last week, the central bank had directed all banks in the country to beef up lending to the real sector in order to enhance economic productivity and deepen growth.
All Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) are to maintain 60 percent Loan-to-Deposit ratio by September.
According to the apex bank, DMBs that failed to comply with this regulatory requirement will be ‘fined to the tune of a Cash Reserve Requirement equivalent to half of the shortfall of the new LDR target.’
Experts, however, are saying the new directive could increase non-performing loan in the banking sector as lenders would have to abandon less risky financial instruments that generate income for the highly uncertain real sector.
“In order to meet the 60 percent target, banks will have to assume more risk in form of borrowing. This will mean diverting money typically channelled into less risky financial instruments that generate income. The capacity of banks to participate in open market operations will reduce to the tune of the current shortfall which has been estimated to about N1.3 trillion to N1.6 trillion,” Uzoma stated.
This could see bank like Zenith, the most profitable Nigerian bank, extending up to N6007.13 billion in loans to businesses by the third quarter.
While the United Bank of Africa will have to disburse about N423.71 billion in loans if it is to meet up with the new LDR target. Guaranty Trust Bank and Access Bank would have to grow their loan book to N200 billion each.
“The risks associated with the new loans that will be created in order to meet up with the target will have to be properly managed so as to not increase the already high banking industry Non-Performing Loan ratio.”
Currently, Nigerian banks have a loan portfolio of N15.45 trillion, with oil and gas accounting for 30 percent or N4.86 trillion of the total loan. Followed by the manufacturing sector (N2.2 trillion). The government (N1.37 trillion), while other key sectors struggle with the remaining.
The low credit facility to sectors that contribute the most to the economy, especially knowing that the oil and gas sector that is receiving most of the credit contribute less than 10 percent to the total economy, prompted the central bank to compel lenders to increase loan facility to the non-oil sector.
“Albeit the fear of excessive regulation, this might be the right move for the government as the already buoyant treasury market will fail to miss N1 trillion and the appetite of the foreign investors is well enough to fill the void that would be created by this regulation” Uzoma added.
Flour Mills Posts Strong Half Year Results Despite Headwinds
Flour Mills of Nigeria Plc recorded strong performance in the Half Year (H1) ended September 30, 2020.
In the 2020/21 half-year results released on Tuesday through the Nigerian Stock Exchange, the leading integrated food business and agro-allied Group, grew revenue by 31 percent year-on-year from N270.8 billion posted in the half-year of 2019/20 to N355.1 billion in the period under review with second-quarter growth of 47 percent when compared to last year second quarter.
Similarly, the Group’s profit before tax grew by 60 percent year-on-year from N8.6 billion in H1 2019/20 to N14.6 billion in H1 2020/21 with an impressive 160 percent growth from the second quarter.
The strong performance continues across the board as profit before tax was driven by the agro-allied segment, which realised a profit of N6.3 billion when compared to the loss posted in 2019/20 period. The company said it recorded strong improvement in edible oils and fats, protein and fertiliser businesses after its investments over the years started yielding results.
Profit after tax grew by 68 percent from N5.9 billion achieved in H1 2019/20 to N9.9 billion in the period under review.
According to the company, despite economic uncertainties and headwinds, the Group has continued to show sustained growth in key areas with the agro-allied unit leading with a strong result in edible oils and proteins.
Speaking on the performance, Paul Gbededo, the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the company, said “with this result, our business has once again shown its resilience, by following the path of sustainable growth despite the prevailing challenges in both the local and global economy.”
He further stated that “in line with our vision to continue to grow value for our investors, Management will for the remaining part of the financial year continue to concentrate on improving operational effectiveness through accelerated strategies for Group-wide cost optimisation, which will ensure sustainability in the current market climate, while we will continue to invest in growing the business further.”
US Banks Led the Most Fined Financial Institutions in 2020
US Banks Are The Most Penalised Financial Institutions in 2020 Financial Year
Banks in the United States were the most fined financial institutions in 2020, according to the latest report from Finbold.
Finbold, a company that specialises in financial data, said three countries accounted for 97.32 percent of the total fines levied on banks in 2020.
The data revealed that United States banks are the most fined at €9.15 billion. This was followed by Australian banks with a combined €770 million, while banks in Israel came third with €762.97 million.
Also, while the fines are likely to increase before the end of the year, the total fines levied against financial institutions globally stood at €11.61 billion as of October 22nd.
Further breakdown showed Swedish banks came fourth with €456.18 million fines while German banks that incurred a combined €169.01 million fines came fifth.
The report showed Goldman Sachs led the most fined bank with €5.26 billion for various violations of regulatory rules.
Wells Fargo came second with €2.53 billion while Westpac Bank in Australia and Hapoalim emerged third and fourth with €770 million and €762.97 million, respectively.
Other heavily fined lenders include Swedbank from Sweden fined €360 million and Germany’s Deutsche with €126.52 million fine in 2020 so far.
Speaking on banks’ fines, Oliver Scott, Chief Editor, Finbold, said “Notably, the tally of bank fines is likely to increase in the coming years as European and Asian regulators catch up with U.S peers who are considered more aggressive. However, banks are looking for means of minimizing fines. Analysts have been of the opinion that the fines could have been avoided if banks leverage technology through the deployment of perfect software.”
Guinness Nigeria Explains Reason for N12.6 Billion Loss in 2020
Guinness Nigeria Speaks on 2020 Poor Performance
Guinness Nigeria Plc has blamed the challenging business environment amid COVID-19 restrictions that led to the closure of bars, clubs, lounges and restaurants for its 2020 losses.
Mr. Baker Magunda, Managing Director/CEO, Guinness Nigeria, who spoke on the company’s performance in 2020, said the aforementioned represents a major part of the company’s consumption, adding that restriction imposed on gathering impacted the usual demands for celebratory occasions.
He explained that demand was weighed upon by a decline in consumer income, rising unemployment rate due to the shutdown of large corporations, surged in VAT and excise throughout 2020.
According to him, distribution was affected by the ban imposed on inter-state travel despite collaborating with regulatory authorities to minimize the negative impact on the company.
Here is a breakdown of the Guinness Nigeria performance in 2020 Financial Year
Guinness profit plunged by a massive 129.1 percent to -N12.6 billion in the 2020 Financial Year (FY), down from the N5.5 billion profit achieved in 2019 (FY). While the company’s gross profit nosedive by 16.9 percent from N40.13 billion posted in 2019 to N33.33 billion in 2020.
The company decline was broad-based as revenue also declined from N131.5 billion filed in 2019 to N104.4 billion in the 2020 financial year.
Accordingly, administrative cost rose from N9.9 billion in the 2019 financial year to N14.3 billion in 2020. However, the cost of sales moderated by 22 percent from N91.4 billion posted in 2019 to N71.1 billion in 2020.
Finance cost expanded from N2.6 billion in 2019 to N4.5billion in 2020 while finance income declined to N301 million in the year under review, down from N750.9 million in 2019.
Mr. Baker Magunda, said “The last quarter performance of fiscal 2020 was significantly impacted by restrictions due to COVID-19, exacerbating the already challenging economic environment. Closures of on-trade premises (bars, lounges, clubs, and dine-in restaurants), which represents the major part of the consumption occasion for our products and bans on celebratory occasions, impacted sales.
“Demand was also impacted by reduced consumer income, unemployment concerns due to the shutdown of a large number of businesses, and increases of VAT and excise throughout the year.”
Speaking further Magunda said, “Distribution was impacted by the ban of inter-state, and in some cases intra-state travel. Although, Management worked diligently with regulatory authorities to minimize the impact, this hampered our distributors’ ability to restock and have our brands available for purchase.”
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